Tag Archives: Kidnapping for Robbery


No Requirement That The Movement Must “Substantially Increase Risk Of Harm” To The Victim
September 11th, 2015

The Authority section of CC 1203 also states “Movement Must Substantially Increase Risk of Harm to Victim,” citing People v. Dominguez (2009) 39 Cal. 4th 1141. However, the Legislature in 1997 rewrote the aggravated kidnapping statute to delete the requirement that the movement must substantially increase the risk of injury to the victim over and […]


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Kidnapping: Substantial Distance Is Merely One Of Several Factors To Consider
March 10th, 2014

  People v. Bell (2009)179 Cal. App. 4th 428, held that the wording of a portion of CC 1215 was erroneous.   “Without further explanation of what distance is ‘merely incidental’ to the associated crime, a jury could easily interpret the instruction to require a jury to acquit a defendant of kidnapping because the movement […]


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