Is Larcenous Intent an Element of Robbery?
September 12th, 2016
For decades CALJIC 9.40 has relied on the literal language of PC 211 to define the specific intent required for robbery as an intent to permanently deprive the possessor of the property that is taken. However, this definition is erroneous because robbery requires an intent to steal which is defined as an intent to permanently […]
Tags: CALCRIM Revisions, CC 1600, CC 625, Claim of Right, Defense Theory: Mens Rea/Intent, Homicide, Intoxication, Mens Rea: Intent, Robbery
Malice and Voluntary Intoxication
August 14th, 2015
People v. Turk (2008) 164 Cal. App. 4th 1361, 1382, rejected the defendant’s argument that the instruction gave insufficient guidance that malice aforethought and intent to kill are the same thing. The jury was instructed under CC 520 in defining murder that, “[t]he defendant acted with express malice if he unlawfully intended to kill.” (Ibid.) […]
Tags: CC 520, CC 625, Malice, Mens Rea, Voluntary Intoxication