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F 18.07 n1 False Evidence: Specific Intent (PC 132 & PC 134).
While a violation of PC 132 does not require specific intent (see People v. Horowitz (45) 70 CA2d 675, 701 [161 P2d 833]), PC 134 requires a specific intent to produce or allow the evidence to be produced for any fraudulent or deceitful purpose.
F 18.07 n2 False Evidence: PC 132 Applies To Out-Of-Court Documents (PC 132 & PC 134).
The scope of PC 132 extends beyond those situations involving formal introduction in evidence in a court of law and includes proceedings such as the response to a subpoena duces tecum. (See People v. Pereira (89) 207 CA3d 1057, 1067-68 [255 CR 285].)